President John Fitzgerald Kennedy served in office from 1961 to 1963. President Kennedy was born to a wealthy family in Massachusetts and was the second of nine children. Most of his family was involved in politics. President Kennedy graduated from Harvard and when World War II started enlisted in the Navy. In the 1960 election, Kennedy’s opponent on the Republican side was Richard Nixon. At the time President Kennedy was only 43 and became the youngest man to become President. He founded the Peace Corps and the Kennedy Space Center. He spoke out against racial discrimination and met Martin Luther King. President Kennedy was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963 by a man named Lee Harvey Oswald.